Robert H. Lowie 1883-1957


by Paul Radin

Robert Lowie’s death on September 21, 1957 not only removed from anthropology one of its most distinguished scholars, but also removed one of the most distinctive figures from the realm of the social sciences. He was not only an unparalleled field ethnologist and ethnological theorist but a man of the broadest culture; he was equally at home in the general history of culture, in philosophy, and English, German, and French literatures, as in the discipline to which he devoted his life.

Born in Vienna in 1883 of an Austrian mother and a Hungarian father, he was brought to the United States in 1893. The atmosphere in which he was raised in New York was a completely German one. All his parents’ friends were Austrians, mainly Viennese, and Viennese German was the only language spoken in the home. To all intents and purposes, the United States was a foreign and somewhat shadowy land, with which one came into contact when leaving the house and with which one lost contact when reentering it.

His maternal grandfather was a physician of evidently cultivated tastes, to judge from the library which Lowie inherited from him. Among other books, it contained the works of all the German philosophers, the complete works not only of Goethe, Schiller, and Heine, but of such older writers as Herder, Klopstock, and Jean Paul Richter, and the works of more modern Austrian writers such as Grillparzer, Lenau, Anzengruber, and Rosegger. I mention them because Lowie had read all these books and many of them meant a great deal to him throughout his life. When I first met him in 1896, he could still quote from Klopstock’s Messias. He had actually read the whole poem, a truly Gargantuan feat. When I last saw him on September 3, 1957 we were discussing Anzengruber’s Meineidsbauer.

Photographic portrait of Robert Lowie

Robert Lowie

Photo from the American Anthropologist obituary.

This late nineteenth and early twentieth century German-Austrian culture with its broad and variegated interests, its customs, its formalities, its virtues, and its idiosyncrasies, he was never to give up. The image of that culture—in many ways nostalgic and overidealized—always had a tremendous hold on him. How great that hold was is evidenced by the two books he wrote late in his career, The German People (1945) and Towards Understanding Germany (1954). He lived at all times in two cultures, a German-Austrian one and an American one. He spoke and wrote both languages perfectly. His knowledge of and affection for English literature was very great, yet he admitted to me once, not many years ago, that when he wished to be truly relaxed and happy his instinct was to turn to Theodor Storm’s novelettes.

It is well to remember that much of his inner life was concerned with German culture and cultural ideals, for this concern manifests itself not only in his literary tastes but in the direction of much of his scientific work—in the influence that Haeckel, Ostwald, and Wundt once had on him, and the influence which Boas and Mach had to the end of his life.

In his fourteenth year he began forming literary-scientific societies; the last two were named the Pearson Circle and the Liberal Club. The earlier clubs had been devoted predominantly to literature, for it was a period when Lowie was very much interested in Samuel Johnson. I remember very well his holding forth on Rasselas. However, the last two were devoted exclusively to philosophy and the history and methodology of science. Goldenweiser had appeared on the scene, and thus Lowie had a colleague whose knowledge of these two subjects was comparable to his own.

Lowie’s philosophic interests lasted for a very long time, and he gave a number of lectures on philosophical subjects during the first few years after he came to Berkeley. He seems to have given up this interest after the early twenties. I believe this was because he had by that time come to the conclusion that Mach had pretty much summed up all that could be said on the subject.

Thus Lowie came to anthropology with an unusual background and equipment. Upon graduating from the College of the City of New York, he had at first flirted with the idea of studying chemistry, but wisely discarded it. If he had any doubts about what subject to select, meeting Boas put an end to them. Boas possessed everything that appealed to him. He had most of the German scholarly virtues Lowie admired; he had a scrupulous regard for details; he was chary of generalizations, and he could partially be identified with Mach.

It is hard to say whether, at the beginning, Lowie was interested in one field of anthropology as against another. Being the person he was, he did every thing he was asked to do with unusual thoroughness and competence. Boas, as was his wont in those days, assigned the subjects for doctoral dissertations; they were subjects in which Boas happened to be interested. Lowie was assigned a topic in American Indian mythology. I know he was not in the least interested in mythology at the time, but this made no difference to him. He wrote an excellent thesis—The Test Theme in North American Mythology—which is still eminently worth reading as an example of how to present succinctly the facts of a specially restricted subject, what inferences can be drawn from such a set of facts, and how to assess these as against other inferences. In this case, they were the inferences of Ehrenreich and his school of mythology.

Similarly, when he was asked by the publisher, Liveright, to write a book on primitive society, this was emphatically not one of his especial interests, aside from the question of relationship terms, but he went doggedly to work and produced his classic Primitive Society (1920). He was in those days primarily interested in the more general problems of culture and psychology—the psychology of Wundt and Ebbinghaus, however—culture and race, culture and environment, the nature and implications of totemism, and terms of relationship. His thinking on these questions he embodied in a small book, Culture and Ethnology (1917), and in his contributions to the symposium on totemism published in Anthropos, in which Pater Schmidt, Andrew Lang, Goldenweiser, Thurnwald, and others also participated. Lowie took especial delight in such discussions. His highly critical and philosophically trained mind was at its best in them. He never lost his delight in summarizing and critically evaluating other people’s views and generalizations. This finds its highest expression in his History of Ethnological Theory but it is also shown in his numerous reviews, of which he wrote more than two hundred. In none of them was he content with simply giving the contents of a book. He was always scrupulously fair, at times even overindulgent, although he could become sharp where the logic of the case demanded it. He was intolerant only when it came to criticizing Boas, and I think this needs some explanation. I believe he felt that Boas had in a sense set down for all time the proper method of approach, and that it was a sign either of immaturity or of adolescent rebelliousness to criticize him basically. Lowie’s feelings on this matter are best expressed in his German paper entitled Beiträge zür Völkerkunde Nordamerikas (Mitteil. a.d. Mus. f. Völkerkunde Hamburg, 1951).

Although they did not actually represent his primary interests, Lowie wrote three other books that indicate the wide scope of his interests—a popular volume, Are We Civilized? (1929), a textbook, Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (1934), and Primitive Religion (1924). They all show his outstanding qualities—thoroughness, critical caution, and understanding of relevant problems. Of his fieldwork, only a few words need be said. He was one of the best ethnographers of his day, and wherever time permitted, as in the case of the Crow, every aspect of culture was studied in detail. His Crow work and his investigation of the Plains societies are in a class by themselves. The latter study, for its completeness, its clear-cut recognition of the problems involved, and its admirable solution, has never been excelled. It deserves to be used as a model in all seminars on social structure.

No other American anthropologist No other American anthropologist has had so varied a field experience. has had so varied a field experience. He was among a number of the Shoshoni tribes, the Ute, Chippewayan, Crow, Hidatsa, Mandan, Arikara, Hopi, and Washo. Thus he was fortunate enough to have had first-hand contact with both the simplest and the most complex cultures of North America north of Mexico. If we add to this his thorough knowledge of South American Indian ethnology—this was almost first-hand because he translated and edited Nimuendajú’s manuscripts—we must come to the conclusion that his acquaintance with the whole American Indian field was unique.

Lowie spent twelve years in various positions at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, and thirty years as a teacher at the University of California. He instilled in his students the same respect for facts, for care in making generalizations and dealing with problems which he himself possessed. His pupils are to be found throughout the length and breadth of the United States.

Although he always gave the impression of having time for everything, he led an unusually busy life. He attended scientific meetings regularly and sat on innumerable committees. He was president of the American Folklore Society (1916-1917), of the American Ethnological Society (1920-1921), and of the American Anthropological Association (1935-1936), and he served as editor of the American Anthropologist 1924 to 1933.

Honors came to him from all directions. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1931; he received an honorary degree of Doctor of Science from the University of Chicago in 1941; he delivered the Huxley lecture at the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland in 1948, and in the same year was awarded the Viking medal.

His was an unusually well-rounded life. Fate did not grant him that which would have made it superlatively complete for him—to lecture at the University of Hamburg in 1958.

This is hardly the place to speak of him as a person, but I have rarely met an individual of greater integrity, one more generous, more gentle, and with a greater gift for friendship. He and his work will be remembered for many decades to come. For him Schiller’s lines hold true as they do for only a select few in any generation:

Wer den besten seiner Zeit genug getan
Der hat gelebt für alle Zeiten.

Bibliography of Robert H. Lowie1 1. Compiled by Robert H. Lowie, Louella Cole Lowie, and Madge D. Richardson.


American Anthropologist
A Mer
American Mercury
American Museum of Natural History, Anthropological Papers
Current Anthropological Literature
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences
The Freeman
International Congress of Americanists
Journal of American Folklore
New International Yearbook
The New Republic
Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology
  1. 1898 Edgar Allen Poe. New Yorker Review, Feb. 13.
  2. 1905 Neue Gedanken über die Abstammung des Menschens. Sonntagsblatt der New Yorker Staatszeitung, June 18.
  3. Ludwig Feuerbach: a pioneer of modern thought. Liberal Review, Feb., pp. 20-31.
  4. Spencer and Tolstoi. Liberal Review, December.
  5. 1907 (with Livingston Farrand). Marriage. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico 1:808-810.
  6. 1908 Catchwords for mythological motives. JAFL 21:24-27.
  7. The test-theme in North American mythology. JAFL 21:97-148.
  8. Anthropological publications of the American Museum of Natural History for 1907-1908. Science 28:522-524.
  9. 1909 The Northern Shoshone. AMNH-AP 2:165-302.
  10. The Assiniboine. AMNH-AP 4:1-270.
  11. Editor of Shoshone and Comanche Tales, by H. H. St. Clair, 11.JAFL 22:3-20.
  12. Additional catchwords. JAFL 22:332-333.
  13. Hero-trickster discussion. JAFL 22:431-433.
  14. An ethnological trip to Lake Athabasca. The American Museum Journal 9:1C-15.
  15. The Fijian collection. American Museum Journal 9:117-122.
  16. Review of Social condition, beliefs, and linguistic relationships of the Tlingit Indians, by John R. Swanton. JAFL 22:2-3.
  17. Review of Folklore as an historical science, by George Laurence Gomme. JAFL 22:3-5.
  18. 1910 Notes concerning new collections. AMNH-1P 4:271-337.
  19. Review of The dawn of the world: myths and tales told by the Mewan Indians of California, by C. Hart Merriam. AA 12:464-466.
  20. (with Clark Wissler) Anthropology. NIYB for 1909, pp. 27-32.
  21. 1911 The methods of American ethnologists. Science 34:604-605.
  22. A new conception of totemism. AA 13:189-207.
  23. Industry and art of the Negro race. The American Museum Journal 11:12-19.
  24. The new South Sea exhibit. The American Museum Journal 11:53-56.
  25. The Crow Indians of Montana. The American Museum Journal 11:179-181.
  26. A forgotten pragmatist: Ludwig Feuerbach. Journal of Philosophy 8:138-139.
  27. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1910, pp. 34-40.
  28. Review of With a prehistoric people: the Akikuyu of British East Africa, by W. S. and K. Routledge. AA 13:130-135.
  29. Review of Geslachts- en Personsnamen der Peigans, by C. C. Uhlenbeck. AA 13:324-326.
  30. Review of The origin of civilization and the primitive condition of man, by Lord Avebury. AA 13:623.
  31. 1912 On the principle of convergence in ethnology. JAFL 25:24-42.
  32. Some problems in the ethnology of the Crow and Village Indians. AA 14:60-71.
  33. American and English methods in ethnology. AA 14:398-399.
  34. Social life of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 9:179-248.
  35. Chipewyan tales. AMNH-AP 10:171-200.
  36. Cosmogony and cosmology; Mexican and South American. James Hastings, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics 4:168-174.
  37. Crow Indian clowns. American Museum Journal 12:74.
  38. Convergent evolution in ethnology. American Museum Journal 12:139-140.
  39. Dr. Radosavljevich’s “critique” of Professor Boas. Science 35:537-540.
  40. Menschheitskunde und Rassendünkel. Sonntagsblatt der New Yorker Volkszeitung, May 26.
  41. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1911, pp. 46-50.
  42. Review of Einleitung in die Philosophie, by Hans Cornelius. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 9:238-246.
  43. Review of The Baganda, by John Roscoe. CAL 1:34-37.
  44. Review of Deutsch Neu-Guinea, by R. Neuhauss. CAL 1:116-1 19.
  45. Review of Eine Forschungreise im Bismarck-Archipel, by Hans Vogel. CAL 1:116-119.
  46. Review of Leitfaden der Völkerkunde, by Karl Weule. CAL 1:177-178.
  47. Review of In den Wildnissen Brasiliens, by Fritz Krause. CAL 1:199.
  48. Review of Ceremonial bundles of the Blackfoot Indians, by Clark Wissler. CAL 1:286-288.
  49. 1913 Dance associations of the Eastern Dakota. AMNH-AP 11:103-142.
  50. Societies of the Crow, Hidatsa and Mandan Indians. AMNH-AP 11:145-358.
  51. Charms and amulets, American. Hastings, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics 3:401-409.
  52. The inferior races. The New Review 13934-942.
  53. Military societies of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 11:145-217.
  54. Review of The Omaha tribe, by Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche. Science 37:910-915.
  55. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1912, pp. 30-35.
  56. Review of Krückenruder, by Fritz Graebner. CAL 2: 1-4.
  57. Review of Der Kaiserin-Augusta Fluss, by Otto Reche. CAL 2:19-20.
  58. Review of Und Afrika Sprach, by Leo Frobenius. CAL 2:87-91.
  59. Review of Man and his forerunners, by H. von Buttel-Reepen. CAL 2:138.
  60. Review of The childhood of the world, by Edward Clodd. CAL 2:227.
  61. 1914 The Crow Sun Dance. JAFL 27:94-96.
  62. Crow rapid-speech puzzles. JAFL 27:330-331.
  63. Social organization. American Journal of Sociology 20:68-97.
  64. Ceremonialism in North America. AA 16:602-631.
  65. International rivalry in science. NR 1:15-16, Dec. 19.
  66. Ernst Haeckel. The New Review 2:354-356.
  67. Haeckels Verhältnis zu Amerika. Heinrich Schmidt, ed., Was wir Ernst Haeckel verdanken 2:404-407, Leipzig. Unauthorized reprinting of article in Sonntagsblatt der New Yorker Staatszeitung, August, 1901.
  68. Some recent expressions on racial inferiority. The New Review 2:542-546.
  69. A pro-German view. The New Review 2:642-644.
  70. Reviews of anthropological literature. Psychological Bulletin 11:391-394.
  71. German scientists. Evening Sun, Jan. 27.
  72. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1913, 34-39.
  73. 1915 The Sun Dance of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 16:1-50.
  74. Dances and societies of the Plains Shoshone. AMNH-AP 11:803-835.
  75. Societies of the Arikara Indians. AMNH-AP 11:645-678.
  76. The Crow Indian Sun Dance. American Museum Journal 15:23-25.
  77. Exogamy and the classificatory systems of relationship. AA 17:223-239.
  78. Psychology and sociology. American Journal of Sociology 21:217-229.
  79. Oral tradition and history. AA 17:597-599.
  80. Exogamy and the classificatory system of relationship. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 1:346-349.
  81. American Indian dances. The American Museum Journal 15:95-102.
  82. The Crow Indians. The Southern Workman, November: 605-612.
  83. Ute Indians the real troublemakers. The New York Sun, Feb. 28.
  84. Morgan’s “Ancient society.” The New Review 3:101-104, reprinted in Solidaritat, N. Y. Feb. 11.
  85. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1914:35-39.
  86. Review of Kinship and social organization, by W. H. R. Rivers. AA 17:329-340.
  87. Review of Siidsee, Urwald, Kannibalen, by Felix Speiser. AA 17:177-180.
  88. Review of Some fundamental ideas of Chinese culture, by Berthold Laufer. AA 17:350-352.
  89. Review of Native tribes of the Northern Territory of Australia, by Baldwin Spencer. AA 17:354-355.
  90. Review of Ancient hunters and their modern representatives, by W. J. Sollas. AA 17:575-576.
  91. Review of The history of Melanesian society, by W. H. R. Rivers. AA 17:588-591.
  92. 1916 Historical and sociological interpretations of kinship terminologies. Holmes Anniversary Volume, 293-300.
  93. Plains Indian age-societies: historical and comparative summaries. AMNH-AP 11:877-992.
  94. Societies of the Kiowa. AMNH-AP 11:837-851.
  95. A note on Blackfoot relationship terms. AA 18:148.
  96. Ernst Mach. NR 6:335-337.
  97. Theoretical ethnology. Psychological Bulletin 13:397-400.
  98. (with Leta S. Hollingworth). Science and feminism. Scientific Monthly, 277-284.
  99. A new Shakespeare. The International, August, pp. 246-247.
  100. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1915, 31-35.
  101. Review of Alfred Russel Wallace, by James Marchant. NR 7:14-16.
  102. Review of The Turano-Ganowanian system and the nations of North-East Asia, by Leo Sternberg. AA 18:287-289.
  103. Review of Ethnographisch Album van het Stromgebied van den Congo, by J. Marquart, J. D. E. Schmeltz, and J. P. B. de Josselin de Jong. AA 18:436437.
  104. Review of The mythology of all races, vol. X: North America, by Hartley Burr Alexander. AA 18:563.
  105. 1917 Culture and ethnology. New York, Douglas C. McMurtrie.
  106. Notes on the social organization and customs of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 21:1-99.
  107. Oral tradition and history. JAFL 30:161-167.
  108. The kinship systems of the Crow and Hidatsa. 19 ICA:340-343.
  109. Edward B. Tylor. AA 19:262-268.
  110. Ojibwa. Hastings, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics 9:454-458.
  111. Peyote rite. Hastings, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics 9:815.
  112. Age societies of the Plains Indians. American Museum Journal 17:495-496.
  113. Noted in Hopiland. American Museum Journal 17:569-573.
  114. The universalist fallacy. NR, Nov. 17:4-6.
  115. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1916, 31-36.
  116. Review of The mythology of all races, by R. B. Dixon. Vol. IX:Oceania. AA 19:8&88.
  117. Review of Kin, kinship, marriage; mother-right, by W. H. R. Rivers. AA 19:269-272.
  118. Review of Harvard African Studies, vol. I. AA 19:546-547.
  119. Review of Heredity and environment, by E. Conklin. NR, May 12: 59-60.
  120. Review of Eternity, by Ernst Haeckel. The Masses, April, p. 28.
  121. Review of The birth time of the world, by J. Joly. NR, Sept. 15: 196-197.
  122. 1918 Myths and traditions of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 25:l-308.
  123. Age societies of the Plains Indians. Scientific American 85:201.
  124. “More light:” a rejoinder. AA 203229-230.
  125. Survivals and the historical method. American Journal of Sociology 529-535.
  126. The true authority of science. The Dial, 64:432434.
  127. Anthropology put to work. The Dial, Aug. 15: 98-100.
  128. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1917, 31-37.
  129. Review of Aboriginal Siberia, by A. M. Czaplicka. AA 20:325-326.
  130. Review of Myths and legends of the Sioux, by Marie L. McLaughlin. AA 20:451453.
  131. Review of The mythology of all races, Vol. XII, by W. Max Miiller and Sir James G. Scott. NR, Aug. 24: 113-114.
  132. Review of A short history of science, by Sedgwick and Tyler. The Dial, Sept. 5: 157-158.
  133. Review of The wonders of instinct, by Jean-Henri Fabre. The Dial, Aug. 15.
  134. 1919 The Tobacco Society of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 21:101-200.
  135. The Sun Dance of the Shoshoni, Ute, and Hidatsa. AMNH-AP 16:387-431.
  136. The matrilineal complex. UC-PAAE 16:29-45.
  137. Family and sib. AA 21:28-40.
  138. Biometrics. The International Journal of Orthodontia and Oral Surgery 5:219-227.
  139. The economic interpretation of history: a footnote. The Dial, Jan. 11:35-36.
  140. Primitive ideas on numbers and systems of measurement. Natural History 19: 110-112.
  141. Ernst Haeckel and his work. Christian Science Monitor, Oct. 29.
  142. Biology and anthropology. (Unsigned review of various books.) NR, Nov. 26:3.
  143. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1918, 37-41.
  144. Review of Time perspective in aboriginal American culture, by Edward Sapir. AA 21:75-77.
  145. Review of Harvard African Studies, vol. 11. AA 21:20&210.
  146. Review of Neu-Caledonien und die Loyalty-Inseln, by Fritz Sarasin. AA 21:311-315.
  147. Review of The mythology of all races, 111, by John A. Macculloch and Jan Máchal. NR, Feb. 1: 29-30.
  148. Review of The causes and course of organic evolution, by John M. Macfarlane. The Dial, Jan. 11: 48-49.
  149. Review of Men of the Old Stone Age, by H. F. Osborn. The Dial, Feb. 8: 150.
  150. Review of Racial factors in democracy, by Ph. A. Means. The Dial, July 12: 32.
  151. 1920 Primitive society. New York, Boni & Liveright. VIII, 463 pp. (French translation by E. Méraux title: “Traité de Sociologie humaine.” Paris, Payot, 1935. New preface; some corrections; appendix in translation of “The Family as a Social Unit,” see 1933. Japanese translation, I. Kawanura; Dailchi, 1939. Chinese translation, date unknown.)
  152. Mysticism and science. Fr, March 31:63-64.
  153. Applied psychology. Fr, April 7:91-92.
  154. Herbert Spencer. Fr, May 19.
  155. The father of eugenics. Fr, July 28:471-474.
  156. Wilhelm Wundt. Fr, Sept. 22:42.
  157. An ethnologist’s memories. Fr, Aug. 11: 517-618; Oct. 6: 85-86.
  158. The divine right of lineage. Fr, Nov. 3:179-181.
  159. The people of unknown lands. The Bookman, 156-160.
  160. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1919, 42-48.
  161. Review of Die ethnologische Wirtschaftsforschung, by W. Koppers. AA 22:72-73.
  162. Review of Vorlaufiger Bericht über Forschungen im Innern von Deutsch-Neu-Guinea, by R. Thurnwald. AA 22 :80-81.
  163. Review of The intellectuals and the wage workers, by Herbert E. Cory. AA 22:186.
  164. Review of Calendars of the Indians North of Mexico, by Leona Cope. AA 22: 188.
  165. Review of Eine völkerkundliche Sammlung von den europäischen Samojeden, by A. Jacobi. AA 22 :189-190.
  166. Review of Messiahs; Christian and pagan, by W. D. Wallis. AA 22:383.
  167. Review of The principles of sociology, by Edward A. Ross. The Nation 111:41&419.
  168. Review of August Weismann, by E. Gaupp. Fr, May 26: 256-258.
  169. Review of The autobiography of a Winnebago Indian, by Paul Radin. Fr, June 16: 334.
  170. Review of Psychology and folk-lore, by R. R. Marett. Fr, July 21.
  171. Review of Science and life, by Fr. Soddy. Fr, Sept. 1: 20-21.
  172. Review of The life of Pasteur, by R. Vallery-Radot, and Pasteur: the history of a mind, by E. Duclaux. Fr, Nov. 24: 259-260.
  173. Review of Religion and culture, by Fr. Schleiter. NR, Feb. 18.
  174. Review of Unexplored New Guinea, by Wilfred N. Beaver. NR, June 2: 26.
  175. Review of The secrets of animal life, by J. A. Thomson. NR, July 28: 260.
  176. 1921 A note on aesthetics. AA 23:170-174.
  177. The eugenicists’ programme. Fr, Oct. 19:129-130.
  178. An Hidatsa love story. Fr, Sept. 14:8.
  179. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1920,41-46.
  180. Review of Vererbung und Auslese, by Wm. Schallmayer. AA 23:77-78.
  181. Review of The psychology of insanity, by Bernard Hart. AA 23:215.
  182. Review of Source book in anthropology, by A. L. Kroeber and T. T. Waterman. AA 23:216-217.
  183. Review of The Northern D’Entrecasteaux, by D. Jenness and A. Ballantyne. AA 23:226-227.
  184. Review of North American Indians of the Plains, by Clark Wissler. Fr, May 4.
  185. Review of Folk-lore in the Old Testament, by J. G. Frazer. Fr, March 30:67-68.
  186. Review of When buffalo ran, by G. B. Grinnell. Fr, April 20.
  187. Review of Primitive society, by E. S. Hartland; and Die Anfange des menschlichen Gemeinschaftslebens, by Wm. Koppers. Fr, Aug. 31: 595-596.
  188. Review of Recreations of a psychologist, by G. Stanley Hall. Fr, March 2.
  189. Review of The mythology of all races: South America, by Hartley Burr Alexander. Fr, Feb. 9.
  190. Review of My life and friends; a psychologist’s memories, by James Sully. Fr, Feb. 9.
  191. Review of Erlebtes und Erkanntes, by W. Wundt. Fr, May 25:260-261.
  192. Review of The origin of man and of his superstitions, by Carveth Read. NR, Sept. 14.
  193. Review of The New Stone Age, by John M. Tyler. NR, Oct. 19:223-224.
  194. 1922 The material culture of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 21:201-270.
  195. Crow Indian art. AMNH-AP 21:271-322.
  196. The religion of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 25:309-444.
  197. The avunculate in patrilineal tribes. AA 24:94-95.
  198. Science. In Civilization in the United States, Harold Stearns, ed. New York, Harcourt, Brace & Co.
  199. Takes-the-Pipe, a Crow warrior. In American Indian life, Elsie Clews Parsons, ed.
  200. A Crow woman’s tale. In American Indian life, Elsie Clews Parsons, ed.
  201. A trial of shamans. In American Indian life, Elsie Clews Parsons, ed.
  202. Windigo, a Chipewyan story. In American Indian life, Elsie Clews Parsons, ed.
  203. The origin of the state. Fr, July 19: 440-442; July 26: 465-467.
  204. The Plains Indians. Fr, May 10: 211-212.
  205. Rejoinder to objector to review of Madison Grant. Fr, March 29:66.
  206. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1921, 43-47.
  207. Review of Manhood of humanity, by Alfred Korzybski. NR, Feb. 8:313.
  208. Review of Readings in evolution, genetics, and eugenics, by H. H. Newman. NR, March 1:25-26.
  209. Review of Introduction to the science of sociology, by R. E. Park and E. W. Burgess. AA 24:215.
  210. Review of Batouala, by René Maran. Fr, Nov. 29:284-285.
  211. Review of The origin and evolution of the human race, by Albert Churchward. Fr, May 3.
  212. Review of The passing of the great race, by Madison Grant. Fr, Jan. 25:476-478.
  213. Review of Early civilization, by A. A. Goldenweiser. Fr, Nov. 15:235-236.
  214. Review of Lester F. Ward, by Emily P. Cape. Fr, Aug. 30:595-596.
  215. Review of The American Indian, by Clark Wissler. Fr, Aug. 16:547-548.
  216. 1923 The cultural connections of Californian and Plateau Shoshonean tribes. UC-PAAE 20: 145-156.
  217. The buffalo drive and an Old World hunting practice. Natural History 23:280-282.
  218. A note on Kiowa kinship terms and usages. AA 25:279-281.
  219. Psychology, anthropology, and race. AA 25:291-303.
  220. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1922, 43-48.
  221. Review of Inheriting the earth, by 0. W. Von Engeln. Fr, Feb. 21:572-573.
  222. Review of The evolution of man, G. A. Bartsell, ed. Fr, May 30:284-285.
  223. Races and psychological tests (unsigned editorial). Fr, June 20:342-343.
  224. Review of The golden bough, abridged, by J. G. Frazer. Fr, June 20:353-355.
  225. Review of Seneca Indian myths, by Jeremiah Curtin. Fr, June 27.
  226. Review of Social change, by Wm. F. Ogburn. Fr, July 11,431.
  227. Review of Man and culture, by Clark Wissler. Fr, Oct. 3:93-94.
  228. Review of Letters to his parents; the story of the development of a youth, by Ernst Haeckel. Fr, Oct. 24:164-165.
  229. Review of The evolution and progress of man, by Hermann Klaatsch. NR, Aug. 1:268-269.
  230. Review of The racial history of mankind, by Roland B. Dixon. The Nation, June 13:698.
  231. Review of The Winnebago tribe, by Paul Radin. The Occident, Nov.:43.
  232. Review of Language, by E. Sapir. AA 25:90-93.
  233. Review of Harvard African Studies, III. AA 25: 103-105.
  234. Review of The evolution of kinship; an African study, by Sidney Hartland. AA 25:272-273.
  235. Review of Psychologie des primitiven Menschen, by R. Thurnwald. AA 25:417-418.
  236. Review of Beothuk and Micmac, by F. G. Speck. AA 25:418-419.
  237. Review of The Andaman Islanders, by A. R. Brown. AA 25:572-575.
  238. 1924 Primitive religion. New York, Boni & Liveright.
  239. Shoshonean tales. JAFL 37: 1-242.
  240. Notes on Shoshonean ethnography. AMNH-AP 20:185-314.
  241. The origin and spread of cultures. A Mer , April:463-465.
  242. Minor ceremonies of the Crow Indians. AMNH-AP 21 :323-365.
  243. (with Clark Wissler). Anthropology. NIYB for 1923:4247.
  244. Review of The children of the sun, by W. J. Perry. AA 26:8&90.
  245. Review of American Indians; tribes of the prairies and the east, by Hermann Dengler. AA 26:269.
  246. Review of Unter Feuerland-Indianern, by Wm. Koppers. AA 26:404-415.
  247. Review of The Toba Indians of the Bolivian Chaco, by Rafael Karsten. AA 26:538-540.
  248. Review of What is man? by J. A. Thomson. NR, Dec. 10:18.
  249. 1925 The historical connection between certain Old World and New World beliefs. 21 ICA:546-549.
  250. Five as a mystic number. AA 27:578.
  251. A note on history and race. A Mer , March:342-343.
  252. Is America so bad after all? Century Magazine 109:723-729.
  253. A woman’s ceremony among the Hopi. Natural History 25: 178-183.
  254. African ethnology. New International Encyclopaedia (2nd ed.) v.I, pp. 212-214.
  255. Review of Medicine, magic and religion, by W. H. R. Rivers. AA 27:457-458.
  256. Review of Monotheism among primitive peoples, by P. Radin. AA 27: 560-561.
  257. Review of Reallexikon der Vorgeschichte, by Max Ebert. AA 27:561-562.
  258. 1926 Zur Verbreitung der Flutsagen. A 21:615-616.
  259. The banana in America. Nature 117:517-518.
  260. Review of Kultur und Religion des primitiven Menschen, id., Magie und Geheimwissenschaft, by T. W. Danzel. AA 28:281-283.
  261. Review of Volker und Kulturen, by Wm. Schmidt and Wm. Koppers. AA 28:283-285.
  262. Review of Social origins and social continuities, by A. M. Tozzer. AA 28:285-286.
  263. Review of Les récentes découvertes préhistoriques en Indochine, by R. Verneau. AA 28:289, 424.
  264. Review of Unter den Zwergen von Malakka, by P. Schebesta. AA 28:298-299.
  265. Review of Der diluviale Mensch in Europa, by F. Birkner. AA 28:420.
  266. Review of Essai d’introduction critique à l’étude de l’économie primitive, by Olivier Leroy. AA 28:549.
  267. Review of The relation of nature to man in aboriginal America, by Clark Wissler. NR, Nov. 10.
  268. 1927 The origin of the state. New York, Harcourt, Brace & Co.
  269. Note on the history of anthropology. Science, July 29:lll.
  270. Theoretische Ethnologie in Amerika. Jahrbuch für Soziologie 3: 111-124.
  271. Prestige among Indians. A Mer , December:446-448.
  272. Review of Illustrierte Völkerkunde, 11,Zweiter Teil, by G. Buschan. AA 29:112-113.
  273. Review of Reallexikon . .. . , III-VII, by M. Ebert. AA 29:332-335.
  274. Review of Archiv für Rassenbilder, by E. F. von Eickstedt. AA 29:339.
  275. Review of Der Ursprung der Gottesidee, I, by W. Schmidt. AA 29:689490.
  276. Review of The diffusion of culture, by R. R. Marett. AA 29:690491.
  277. Review of The peoples of Southern Nigeria, by P. Amaury Talbot. AA 29:715-717.
  278. Review of Downland man, by H. J. Massingham. NR, July 20:234.
  279. 1928 A note on relationship terminologies. AA 30:263-267.
  280. (with E. W. Gifford). Notes on the Akwa’ala Indians. UC-PAAE 23:339-352.
  281. Individual differences and primitive culture. Wm. Schmidt Festschrift, 495-500.
  282. Incorporeal property in primitive society. Yale Law Journal 37:551-563.
  283. Edward Sanford Burgess, 1855-1928. AA 30:481-482.
  284. Word formation in the American Indian languages. A Mer , July:332-334.
  285. Bathing through the ages. A Mer , Sept.:62-64.
  286. Aboriginal education in America. A Mer , Oct.:192-196.
  287. Review of The use of stilts, by K. G. Lindblom. AA 30:317-319.
  288. Review of Beziehungen und Beeinflussungen der Kunstgruppen im Palaolithikum, by Herbert Kühn. AA 30:327-328.
  289. Review of Bei den Urwaldzwergen von Malaya, by P. Schebesta. AA 30:483-486.
  290. Review of The Yukaghir and the Yukaghirized Tungus, by W. Jochelson. AA 30:487490.
  291. Review of Studies on the origin of cultivated plants, by N. Vavilov. AA 30:716-719.
  292. 1929 Are we civilized? New York, Harcourt, Brace & Co.
  293. Notes on Hopi clans. AMNH-AP 30:303-360.
  294. Hopi kinship. AMNH-AP 30:361-388.
  295. Relationship terms. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 14th ed., 19:84-89.
  296. Review of The Yukaghir and the Yukaghirized Tungus, by W. Jochelson. AA 31: 163-165.
  297. Review of Instructions pour les voyageurs, by Marcel Cohen. AA 31 :499.
  298. Review of Reallexikon,X, XI, by M. Ebert. AA 31:499-500; 780-785.
  299. Review of The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago: Sandford and Arkell, first report of the Prehistoric Survey Expedition, by J. H. Breasted. AA 31:501.
  300. Review of Pots and pans, by H. S. Harrison. AA 31 :504-506.
  301. Review of Coming of age in Samoa, by Margaret Mead. AA 31 :532-534.
  302. 1930 Adoption primitive. ESS 1:459-460.
  303. Age societies. ESS 1:482-483.
  304. Avoidance. ESS 2:369-370.
  305. Ceremony, primitive. ESS 3:313-314.
  306. The kinship terminology of the Bannock Indians. AA 32:294-299.
  307. A Crow text, with grammatical notes. UC-PAAE 29:155-175.
  308. American Indian cultures. A Mer , July:362-366.
  309. “Freemasons” among North Dakota Indians. A Mer , February: 192-196.
  310. Literature and ethnography. A Mer , April:454-458.
  311. The Omaha and Crow kinship terminologies. Aus dem Verhandlungen des XXIV. Internationalen-Amerikanisten Kongresses:103-107.
  312. Review of The savage as he really is, by J. H. Driberg. AA 32:557.
  313. Review of Ethnologischer Anzeiger, by M. Heydrich. AA 32:660.
  314. Review of In the beginning, by G. Elliot Smith; and Gods and men, by W. J. Perry. AA 32:165-168.
  315. Review of Some elements of sexual behavior in primates, by Gerrit S. Miller. AA 32:168-169.
  316. Review of Ein Versuch zur Rettung des Evolutionismus, by W. Schmidt. AA 32:169-170.
  317. Review of Reallexikon, XII, XIII, by M. Ebert. AA 32:170-171; 300-301.
  318. Review of Peoples of Asiatic Russia, by W. Jochelson. AA 32:178.
  319. Review of Adoption among the Gunantuna, by Joseph Maier. AA 32:178.
  320. Review of Collected essays in ornamental art, by Hjalmar Stolpe. AA 32:301-302.
  321. Review of The relationship systems of the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian, by Th. M. Durlach. AA 32:308-309.
  322. Review of Melanesian shell money, by A. B. Lewis. AA 32:312-313.
  323. Review of The original home and mode of dispersal of the coconut, by Arthur W. Hill. AA 32:320- 321.
  324. Review of Review of Der nordische Mensch, by Halfdan Bryn. AA 32:547.
  325. 1931 Hugo Obermaier’s reconstruction of sequences among prehistoric cultures in the Old World. In Methods in social science, Stuart Rice, ed.
  326. Indian theologians. A Mer 24:472-479.
  327. Inventiveness of the American Indian. A Mer 24:90-93.
  328. Review of An introduction to social anthropology, by Clark Wissler. AA 33: 111-112.
  329. Review of Tod und Unsterblichkeit im Glauben der Naturvölker, by K. Th. Preuss. AA 33:626-627.
  330. Review of The mothers, by Robert Briffault. AA 33:630-631.
  331. Review of The mound builders, by H. C. Shetrone. NR, Jan. 28:305-306.
  332. 1932 Proverbial expressions among the Crow Indians. AA 34:739-740.
  333. Kinship. ESS 8: 568-572.
  334. Marriage and family life among the Plains Indians. Scientific Monthly 34:462-464.
  335. Report of the Chairman, Appendix Q, Annual Meeting of the Division of Anthropology and Psychology, National Research Council (mimeographed).
  336. Review of American, by Frank B. Linderman. AA 34:532-533.
  337. Review of The narrative of a Southern Cheyenne woman, by Truman Michelson. AA 34:534.
  338. Review of Old Man Coyote (Crow), by Frank B. Linderman. AA 34:717-718.
  339. 1933 A Crow Indian medicine. AA 35:207.
  340. Crow prayers. AA 35:433-442.
  341. Erland Nordenskiold, with bibliography of his writings. AA 35:158-164.
  342. The family as a social unit. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 18: 53-69. Published also as appendix to French translation of Primitive society.
  343. Marriage. ESS 10: 146154.
  344. Nordenskiold. ESS 11 :396-397.
  345. Queries. AA 35:288-296.
  346. Land tenure, primitive societies. ESS 9:76-77.
  347. Selk’nam kinship terms. AA 35: 546-548.
  348. Primitive skeptics. A Mer , July:320-323.
  349. Review of Die Venvandtschaftsorganisation der Urwaldstamme Südamerikas, by Paul Kirchhoff. AA 35:182-183.
  350. Review of Les hommes-dieux chez les Chiriguano, by A. Metraux. AA 35: 183-184.
  351. Review of Die menschliche Gesellschaft, II, III, by R. Thurnwald. AA 35:343-345.
  352. Review of Ethnologiské materialie, by F. Pospišil. AA 35:359.
  353. Review of Flesh of the wild ox, by Carleton S. Coon. AA 35:372-373.
  354. Review of Notes d’ethnologie Néo-Calédonienne, by M. Leenhardt. AA 35:362.
  355. Review of Ethnology of Melanesia, by A. B. Lewis. AA 35:527.
  356. Review of Omaha secret societies, by R. W. Fortune. AA 35:529-533.
  357. 1934 An introduction to cultural anthropology. New York, Farrar & Rinehart. (French translation by E. Métraux: Manuel d’anthropologie culturelle. Paris, Payot, 1936.)
  358. Religious ideas and practices of the Eurasiatic and North American areas. Essays presented to C. G. Seligman, 183-188.
  359. The Omaha and Crow kinship terminologies. 24 ICA 1930:102-108.
  360. Some moot problems in social organization. AA 36:321-330.
  361. Heinrich Schurtz (1863-1903). ESS 13:587.
  362. Social organization. ESS 14:141-148.
  363. Review of History, psychology and culture, by A. Goldenweiser. AA 36: 114-115.
  364. Review of Red mother, by Frank B. Linderman. AA 36:124-125.
  365. Review of Life in Lesu, by Hortense Powdermaker. AA 36:129-130.
  366. Review of Bambuti, die Zwerge vom Kongo, by P. Schebesta. AA 36:469.
  367. 1935 Eine kaukasisch-lappläindische Parallele. A 30:224-225.
  368. The Crow Indians. New York, Farrar and Rinehart.
  369. Franz Theodor Waitz (1821-64). ESS 15:321.
  370. 1936 Cultural anthropology: a science. American Journal of Sociology 42:301-320.
  371. Alfred L. Kroeber: professional appreciation. In Essays in anthropology, presented to Alfred Louis Kroeber. U. C. Press, Berkeley.
  372. Lewis H. Morgan in historical perspective. Ibid:169-181.
  373. Review of Lunda; bei Bauern und Jägern in Inner-Angola, by H. Baumann. AA 38:11&120.
  374. Review of Die schwarze Frau im Wandel Afrikas, by H. Thurnwald. AA 38:120-121.
  375. Review of Introduction à la connaissance de l’Ile de Pâques, by A. Metraux. AA 38: 126-127.
  376. 1937 The history of ethnological theory. New York, Farrar and Rinehart. (Spanish translation by Paul Kirchhoff: Historia de la Etnología. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura económica, 1946.)
  377. (with Curt Nimuendajb). The dual organizations of the Ramkókamekra (Canella) of Northern Brazil. AA 39:565-582.
  378. Dr. Wissler on “The Crow Indians.” AA 39:366.
  379. Introduction to A black civilization, by W. Lloyd Warner. New York, Harper & Brothers.
  380. Review of Schöpfung und Urzeit des Menschen im Mythus der afrikanischen Völker, by H. Baumann. AA 39:346-347.
  381. Review of Jabo Proverbs from Liberia, by G. Herzog. JAFL 50:198.
  382. 1938 Subsistence. In General anthropology, F. Boas, ed. New York, Heath & Co.
  383. A note on South American parallels to Maya and Aztec traits. American Antiquity 4: 157-159.
  384. The emergence hole and the foot-drum. AA 40:174.
  385. Translation of: The social structure of the Ramkókamekra, by C. Nimuendajú. AA 40:51-74,760.
  386. Review of Handbuch der Methode der kulturhistorischen Ethnologie, by Wm. Schmidt. AA 40:142-144.
  387. Review of Primitive behavior, by W. I. Thomas. AA 40:144.
  388. Review of Blankets and moccasins, by G. D. Wagner and Wm. A. Allen. AA 40:309.
  389. Review of Die Feuerland-Indianer. II. Die Yamana, by Martin Gusinde. AA 40:495-503.
  390. 1939 Review of Menschen der Südsee, by H. Thurnwald. JAFL 51:352-353.
  391. Ethnographic notes on the Washo. UC-PAAE 36:301-352.
  392. Translation of The Apinayé, by Curt Nimuendajb. The Catholic University of America, Anthropological Series, No. 8.
  393. (with Curt Nimuendajú). The associations of the Šerente. AA 41:408415.
  394. (with Z. Harris and C. F. Voegelin). Hidatsa texts. Indiana Historical Society, Prehistory Research Series 1:173-239.
  395. 1940 An introduction to cultural anthropology (new and enlarged edition). New York, Farrar and Rinehart.
  396. Native languages as ethnographic tools. AA 42:81-89.
  397. American culture history. AA 42:405-428.
  398. Review of Race, language and culture, by Franz Boas. Science 91:598-599.
  399. 1941 Intellectual and cultural achievement of the human races. In Scientific aspects of the race problem, Jennings et al. New York, Longmans, Green & Co.
  400. A note on the Northern Gé Tribes of Brazil. AA 43:188-196.
  401. Review of The Bandelier-Morgan letters, Leslie A. White, ed. American Antiquity 7:196-197.
  402. 1942 The Crow language; grammatical sketch and analyzed text. UC-PAAE 39:1-142.
  403. The transition of civilizations in primitive society. American Journal of Sociology 47:527-543.
  404. Studies in Plains Indian folklore. UC-PAAE 40:1-28.
  405. Translation of The Šerente, by Curt Nimuendajú. Publications of the F. W. Hodge Anniversary Publication Fund, vol. IV. Los Angeles.
  406. Soviet Russia and religion. To-morrow, Nov. 1942:43-44.
  407. A marginal note to Professor Radcliffe-Brown’s paper on “Social structure.” AA 44:519-521.
  408. The professor talks back. The Antioch Review, Summer Issue:317-321.
  409. Review of The social life of primitive man, by S. A. Sieber and Fr. H. Mueller. AA 44:313-314.
  410. Review of The Cheyenne way, by K. N. Llewellyn and E. A. Hoebel. AA 44:478479.
  411. Review of Smoke from their fires, by Clellan S. Ford. To-morrow, vol. 1, no. 6:59-60.
  412. Review of Sun chief, by Leo W. Simmons. To-morrow, vol. 1, no. 12:62-63.
  413. 1943 Property rights and coercive powers of Plains Indian military societies. Journal of Legal and Political Sociology 1:59-71.
  414. A note on the social life of the Northern Kayapb. AA 45:633-635.
  415. Franz Boas, anthropologist. The Scientific Monthly 56:183-184, February.
  416. Franz Boas; his predecessors and his contemporaries. Science 97:202-203.
  417. Review of Haddon, the head hunter, by A. H. Quiggin. AA 45:478-479.
  418. 1944 Franz Boas (1858-1942). JAFL 57: 59-64.
  419. Bibliography of Franz Boas in folklore. JAFL 57 :65-69.
  420. Translation of Šerente tales, by Curt Nimuendajú. JAFL 57:181-187.
  421. American contributions to anthropology. Science 100:321-327.
  422. Jean Bassett Johnson. AA 46:528-529.
  423. South American messiahs. To-Morrow, Dec. 1944.
  424. 1945 The German people; a social portrait to 1914. New York, Farrar & Rinehart.
  425. A note on Lapp culture history. SWJA 1:447-454.
  426. A case of bilingualism. Word 1:248-259 (actually published Aug. 1946.)
  427. Review of One hundred years of American psychiatry. In The American Journal of Psychiatry 102:139-141.
  428. 1946 Translation of The Eastern Timbira, by Curt Nimuendajú. UC-PAAE 41:1-357.
  429. Evolution in cultural anthropology: a reply to Leslie White. AA 48:223-233.
  430. Translation of Social organization and beliefs of the Botocudo of Eastern Brazil, by Curt Nimuendajú. SWJA 2:93-115.
  431. Professor White and “anti-evolutionist” schools. SWJA 2:240-241.
  432. Eastern Brazil; an introduction. Handbook of South American Indians, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143:381-397.
  433. The Bororo. Handbook of South American Indians, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143, vol. 1:419-434.
  434. The Northwestern and Central Gê. Handbook of South American Indians, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143, vol. 1:477-517.
  435. The Southern Cayapó. Handbook of South American Indians, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143, vol. 1:519-520.
  436. The “Tapuya”; the Carirí; the Pancarurú; the Tarairiu; the Jeico; and the Guck. Handbook of South American Indians, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143, vol. 1:553-569.
  437. Review of A scientific theory of culture and other essays, by Br. Malinowski. AA 48:118-119.
  438. 1947 Biographical memoir of Franz Boas (1858-1942). National Academy of Sciences, vol. 24, Ninth Memoir: 303-322.
  439. Letters from Ernst Mach to Robert H. Lowie. Isis 37:65-68.
  440. Some problems in Plains Indian folklore. Journal of American Folklore 60:401-403.
  441. Primitive society (second edition). New York, Liveright Publishing Company.
  442. 1948 Social organization. New York, Rinehart & Company.
  443. Some facts about Boas. SWJA 4:69-70.
  444. Primitive religion (revised edition). New York, Liveright Publishing Corporation. New preface, V-VII; new chapters, pp. 321-337.
  445. Some aspects of political organization among the American Indians. Huxley Memorial Lecture, London, Royal Anthropological Institute.
  446. Review of Geschichte der Kultur, by Kaj Birket-Smith. JAFL 0ct.-Dec., p. 401.
  447. Robert H. Lowie. Boletín Bibliográico de Anthropología Americana 10:324-337. Bibliography through 1946.
  448. 1949 Supplementary facts about Clark Wissler. AA 51:527.
  449. Review of Fatherland: a study of authoritarianism in the German family, by Bertram Schaffner. Man 48:131.
  450. Review of The American people, by Geoffrey Gorer. Man 49:34.
  451. 1950 Observations on the literary style of the Crow Indians. Beitrage zur Gessellungs- und Volkerwissenschaft (Thurnwald Festschrift):271-283. Berlin.
  452. Parochialism and historical instruction. Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion. 8th Symposium, Learning and World Peace:89-98.
  453. Social and political organization of the Tropical Forest and Marginal tribes. Handbook of the South American Indians 5:313-350.
  454. Property among the Tropical Forest and Marginal tribes. Handbook of South American Indians 5:351-367.
  455. Review of Gegenwarts-Probleme Berliner Familien, by Hilde Thurnwald. AA 52:105-106.
  456. Review of Der Ursprung der Gottesidee, vol. IX, by P. Wm. Schmidt. AA 52:519-521.
  457. 1951 Some problems of geographical distribution. From Südseestudien, Basel, 1951, Museum für Völkerkunde: 11-26.
  458. Beiträge zur Völkerkunde Nordamerikas. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Völkerkunde in Hamburg, XXIII, Hamburg: 748.
  459. 1952 The heterogeneity of marginal cultures. Selected Papers of the XXIX International Congress of Americanists 3: 1-7.
  460. The Wenner-Gren Foundation International Symposium on Anthropology. Sociologus, N.S., vol. 2, no. 2:145-148.
  461. (ed.) The Tukuna, by C. Nimuendajú UC-PAAE 45:l-207.
  462. The song “Frohe Botschaft.” JAFL 65:187.
  463. Review of Des Menschengeistes Erwachen, Wachsen, und Irren, by R. Thurnwald. Psyche 4:50-52.
  464. Review of Mythos und Kult bei Naturvölkern, by Ad. E. Jensen. JAFL 65:102-104.
  465. Review of Mythe, Mensch und Umwelt; Beitrage zur Religion, Mythologie und Kulturgeschichte, Ad. E. Jensen ed. AA 54:400-401.
  466. 1953 Ethnography, cultural and social anthropology. AA 55:527-534.
  467. The relations between the Kiowa and the Crow Indians. Société Suisse des Américanistes, Geneva. Bull. 7:l-5.
  468. On historical and ethnographic techniques. AA 55:280.
  469. The Comanche, a sample of acculturation. Sociologus 3:122-127.
  470. Alleged Kiowa-Crow affinities. SWJA 9:357-368.
  471. Contemporary currents in American ethnology (translated by I. Obayashi). Ethnological Research vol. 17, no. 2:61-76.
  472. Review of Tupari, by Franz Caspar. AA 55:441442.
  473. Review of An appraisal of Anthropology today, Sol Tax et al., editors. Sociologus 3:137-141.
  474. 1954 Indians of the Plains. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co.
  475. A Crow tale. Anthropological Quarterly, N. S., vol. 2:l-22.
  476. Toward understanding Germany. University of Chicago Press.
  477. Field research in South America. Man LIV: 100.
  478. Richard Thurnwald (1869-1954). AA 56:863-867.
  479. Richard Thurnwald. Sociologus N. S., 4:2-5.
  480. Review of Formen und Entwicklung der Kultur, by Kunz Dittmer. AA 56:1114.
  481. Review of Miti e Leggende III:America Settentrionale, by Raffaelo Pettazzoni. Western Folklore 13:218-220.
  482. Review of Franz Boas: The science of man in the making, by M. J. Herskovits. Scientific Monthly 78:47.
  483. 1955 Reflections on the Plains Indians. Anthropological Quarterly, April 1955:63-86.
  484. Contemporary trends in American cultural anthropology. Sociologus 5:113-121.
  485. The military societies of the Plains Cree. Separata dos Annais do XXXI Congr. Internacional de Americanistes:1-9.
  486. Review of The unwritten law of Albania, by Margaret Hasluck. AA 57:1076.
  487. 1956
  488. Boas once more. AA 58:159-164.
  489. Choosing reviewers. Man LV:188.
  490. Supernormal experiences of American Indians. Tomorrow 4, no. 3:9-16.
  491. Reminiscences of anthropological currents in America half a century ago. AA 58:995-1016.
  492. Notes on the Kiowa Indians. Tribus N.F.:4-5.
  493. Reissue of The Crow Indians. New preface.
  494. Review of The Hopi-Tewa of Arizona, by Edward P. Dozier. Sociologus 6:189-191.
  495. Review of Marriage, authority and final causes; a study of unilateral cross-cousin marriage, by George C. Homans and David M. Schneider. AA 58:1144.
  496. 1957 (ed.) The nature of compromise. UNESCO, Paris (in press).
  497. Primitive compromise. In The nature of compromise; Ch. I (in press).
  498. (with Luella Cole). A practical handbook for planning a trip to Europe. Vantage Press.
  499. Primitive messianism and an ethnological problem. Diogenes 19:62-72. (Editions in French, Spanish, German, Italian, and Arabian.)
  500. Generalizations, field work, and materialism. AA 59:884-885.
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